Poplin is one of the many different types of fabrics used in the textile industry in the US. Poplin fabric, also known as tabinet, is a plain weave material that is characterized by crosswise ribs. This fabric is tightly woven and has twice as many warp yarns as weft yarns. Poplin is a strong fabric most often found in dresses, shirts, and pajamas.
The name ‘poplin’ was coined in the 15th Century and it referred to the ‘papal residence’ where it was first produced. At that time, it was made with wool weft and silk warp, and its common applications were in upholstery and garments. Today, we can find poplin in 100% cotton variant as well as in synthetic and rayon blends.
Types and Characteristics of Poplin
There are four widely used types of poplin worldwide:
- Cotton poplin
- Synthetic poplin
- Stretch poplin
- Silk poplin
Poplin made of wool and silk are usually preferred in the countries where the climate stays cool throughout the year, while cotton poplin is chosen in warmer regions. Polyester poplin, which has a firmer drape, is a cheaper version of the fabric, and can be used in both hot and cold climates as per the needs of the user.
The main benefits of poplin are that it is sturdy, durable, and easy to maintain. Besides, the fabric resists to creases, and can be dyed, bleached, or printed easily.
Cotton Poplin Fabric
When poplin fabrics are blended with cotton, they are referred as cotton poplin fabric; this type of fabric is much appreciated around the world. The following are the characteristics of cotton poplin fabric that makes it so popular.
- It is 100% natural
- It is strong and wear-resistant
- It absorbs moisture quickly
- It is thin and breathable
- It is crisp and smooth
- It is hypoallergenic
- It is not clingy
- It does not retain odors
Many fabric manufacturers add a touch of spandex, elastane, or lycra, usually up to 5%, in order to make cotton poplin more comfortable, stretchy, and more suitable for women’s apparel. For people with curvy figure, stretch poplins are known to be more comfortable.
High-grade Egyptian cottons make the finest cotton poplin. Usually lightweight, the cotton blend of poplin is suitable for warm climates. Yet for some people, poplin will be too thin to wear during winter and this is when opting for thick fabrics like flannel or twill becomes better option. One other alternative is to wear a shrug or woolen blazer with poplin clothing.